The Different Types of Terpenes & CBD Oil Explained

The Different Types of Terpenes & CBD Oil Explained

Here at Synergy Extracts, we have pioneered the first range of terpene infused CBD products – and are proud to have done so. Bringing their combined, and amazing, suspected benefits to everyone. But, just what are terpenes? What is CBD? What are the different types of terpenes and CBD? And lastly, what are the different effects between them all?

To put it simply, terpenes are a combination of naturally occurring carbon and hydrogen found in the trichomes (crystals) of the cannabis plant. They are responsible for the colours, aromas, and flavours produced not just in the cannabis plant, but in every plant. Such as herbs, fruits, and vegetables. They are also believed to be responsible for the many various differences in each strain as discovered in a 2011 study of the British Journal of Pharmacology (B.J.P.).

Whereas CBD (cannabidiol), is a cannabinoid. Which has only been found in the cannabis plant. Some of its suspected benefits range from physical (like reducing nausea) and mental (anti-anxiety). Before a 2008 study by the B.J.P., active cannabinoids like CBD were believed to be the only property to bind to the endocannabinoid receptors of our brains.

Both terpenes and cannabinoids like CBD have their own suspected benefits and purposes, as well as, amplify the other’s – creating the synergistic “entourage effect” as shown in some studies by the British Journal of Pharmacology. However, what about their specific, and various, differences?

 

The Different Types of Terpenes & Their Effects

There are over 100 different types of terpenes found in the cannabis plant, each with their own benefits, that are also found in various other plants as well. Depending on the plant, they could have any combination of terpenes, of varying levels. With the handful of terpenes that have higher levels, being the ones whose effects you see.

However, that all being said, there are 5 main terpene profiles that are commonly found in, and contribute to the effects of, high CBD cannabis. But, which ones are suspected to do what, with so little research into the subject?

 

Sleepy Terpenes VS Day-Time Strains

The terpenes found in the cannabis plant can be put into two main categories: “sleepy” terpenes, and “day-time” strains. And it’s exactly as it sounds. They either give you a sleepy, sedative, relaxed feeling – or a feeling of having your energy boosted, as well as, your mood and focus improved. Which ones are which? And what are their suspected effects and benefits that they bring to the table?

 

Sleepy Terpenes

  • Linalool – Will typically have a lavender-like aroma. And just like lavender, linalool has been suspected to show properties and effects such as: reducing anxiety and depression, provide pain-relief and act as a sedative, and more. In some cases, it’s suspected to also have anti-spasm, antibacterial, and anticonvulsant properties. Some people even use it in topical homoeopathic remedies for skin care to take care of issues like acne and other skin issues.
  • Mycrene – Has an earthy, musky, and lightly fruity aroma – sometimes clove-like even. In some studies, it theoretically can provide sedative, pain relief, muscle relaxing, anti-inflammatory, liver-protective properties. Making it a terpene with amazing suspected synergistic effects. When combined with THC, it can incapacitate you but, when combined with only CBD? Just gives you a nice relaxed feeling instead.

 

Hybrid Terpenes

  • Pinene – If this terpene’s name wasn’t a dead giveaway, it gives off a nice piney smell. This one can be either a “sleepy” or “day-time” terpene depending on a couple of different factors. One being if it’s an alpha-pinene (a-pinene) or a beta-pinene (b-pinene). The other on how much is really in the balance of the full-spectrum CBD you’re using. Some of the suspected benefits are: memory improvement. alertness, increase in general energy levels, improved focus, suppressed activity, and increased sleep duration. As well as being an anti-inflammatory and improving airflow to your lungs – making it great for those with asthma.
  • Humulene – This terpene has a hops or coriander smell to it. In some studies, it’s been suspected to suppress appetite. As well as, have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and pain relief properties.

 

Day-Time Strains

  • Limonene – Has a citrusy-type aroma – from lemon to orange. Who wouldn’t love it? Allegedly the benefits of this fun terpene are mood improvement, heartburn and acid reflux relief, anti-anxiety and anti-depressant, nausea relief, anti-cancer, and helps the immune system. Which if you have an immune system disorder, this may be the one for you.
  • Caryophyllene – Will have a herby or peppery smell – just like oregano, black pepper and the other various herbs this one is found in. The most common caryophyllene found is beta-caryophyllene. In multiple studies by the British Journal of Pharmacology, they have discovered many suspected benefits of this particular terpene. Some studies have shown that this terpene theoretically has gastro-protective properties and attaches to the CB2 Receptors in our brains. Which is great for treating ulcers, inflammation, and even autoimmune disorders. It’s even suspected to be great as an anti-depressant and anti-anxiety too. Making this another very synergistic terpene as well.

As you can see, terpenes have a lot to offer, and it makes a lot of sense given all the holistic aromatherapy options there are out there. But, if terpenes are the main cause of the various effects… what about CBD and the different types and forms it comes in? How do they play a role?               

The Different Types of CBD
and Their Effects

 

While further research is being done into terpenes – more specifically the ones from the cannabis plant – the CBD cannabinoid does have its own role and alleged benefits. Studies have shown it to have the potential for both mental, and physical benefits such as anti-anxiety benefits, pain relief benefits and more.

In theory, the type of CBD you use, and the form it comes in will play a major role in how well it will work. And it will vary from person to person even based off of each person’s unique endocannabinoid system. But, just what are the different types of CBD?

Full Spectrum VS Broad Spectrum VS CBD Isolates

There are 3 main types of CBD you will see out and about – full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolates. And it can be confusing and overwhelming trying to choose one. However, there is a major difference in their strength and effectiveness depending on which type you choose. To put it simply, 100 milligrams of synthetic, single-molecule CBD? Is not equivalent to 100 milligrams of a CBD-rich whole plant cannabis extract.

  • Full Spectrum CBD – Full-spectrum essentially means the product is derived from the whole plant. A full spectrum product typically contains all compounds found naturally occurring in the plant. Including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids – that work together to magnify the therapeutic benefits of each individual cannabinoid.

It’s suspected that this is going to be the best type to choose if you want as much of the benefits and effects as possible. Not singling out a single part of the plant, or eliminating a portion. However, in the UK and US especially, any legally sold CBD product will contain little to no THC – and be within the legal amounts. This way you avoid getting the “high” feeling you get from THC, yet still, get amazing benefits and the “entourage effect”.

  • Broad Spectrum CBD – Broad spectrum CBD products are a happy little in-between of Isolate and Full Spectrum. Just like full spectrum products, the other compounds found within the plant are preserved in the extract. However, just like in a CBD Isolate, the THC compound is completely removed.

Broad spectrum CBD products can produce the “entourage effect” as they contain as many compounds of the plant possible, without the THC. Just not to the extent a full spectrum product can.

  • CBD Isolates – A CBD isolate will be the purest form of CBD you can get. As, scientifically speaking, an isolate is the purest form of a compound. Which is produced by singularly extracting that compound from its environment. Then isolating it from all other compounds of course. However, you will not get the “entourage” effect by solely using an isolate.

Isolates, and other CBD products, are typically extracted from hemp as the hemp plant has basically 0 THC, although may contain some traces. Including full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD products.

 

The Different Forms of CBD

 

Just like with CBD’s cousin THC, there have been many different ways to consume the supplement introduced over the years. We here at Synergy Extracts ®, have quite a few to choose from ourselves. When facing so many options, it can be difficult to choose. Let’s start with:

 

CBD Pens VS CBD Crumble

 

  • CBD Crumble Products – Also known as “Cannabinoid Crumble”, crumble products can be dabbed or vaped but, not added to foods. Our crumble options contain approximately 75%-85% CBD and 0% THC, and include terpene profiles.
  • CBD Vape Pen Products – Our CBD vape pen option contains 5%-50% CBD distillate, and 0% THC, and include terpene profiles. Depending on the cartridge chosen – you can even refill it with our CBD oil for vape pens (AKA CBD vape oil) when needed – or just interchange the cartridge. This makes this a very convenient product that can be brought and utilized anywhere.

 

CBD Oral Paste VS CBD Oral Oils/Tinctures

  • CBD Oral Paste – This type of product must be taken orally, and cannot be dabbed. Our oral pastes (AKA CBD Extracts) come in a syringe and consist of 40% CBD oils, and 0% THC – as well as include terpene profiles.
  • CBD Oral Oils/Tinctures – Also known as “Oral CBD”, any CBD oil or tincture that can be taken orally – must only be taken orally, and cannot be dabbed or vaped. Ours contains: 5-10% CBD oils and 0% THC, as well as terpene profiles.

 

CBD Distillates VS CBD Crystals

 

  • CBD Distillates – Distillates are a form of CBD isolates. But, are more of a broad spectrum type product when dealing with us here at Synergy Extracts. As we incorporate a full spectrum of different cannabinoids like CBD, CBG, and CBC into our distillate products. Distillates can be dabbed, vaped, or added to e-liquid. However, they cannot be added to foods. Ours contains 75% CBD and 0% THC. While this particular product may not be supplemented by our terpenes – they can be at the client’s request.
  • CBD Crystals – Also known as CBD Isolate. This is a CBD product you’re going to receive CBD in its purest form in as there are no other traces of cannabinoids besides CBD in it. Ours, in particular, contains 90% CBD, and 0% THC. Just like with the CBD distillate, CBD crystals can be dabbed vaped or added to e-liquid. However, cannot be taken orally.

Bringing it All Together and Which Ones Would be Best for You?

 

As you can see, utilizing terpene-infused CBD supplements have great, and varying alleged benefits. All depending on the cannabinoid and terpene profile of the product – and your own endocannabinoid make-up.

A day-time strain would be better for when you need to be awake and improve focus and alertness. While a night-time or “sleepy-time” strain would be best for night -time to help you relax or with insomnia. While a hybrid should theoretically do both.

So, what’s really the best one for you? The CBD supplement product with the cannabinoid and terpene profile, type, and form that works for your needs.

** Please Note: Depending on the manufacturer/supplier, of any CBD Product, the CBD and THC percentage levels may vary. All Synergy Extracts CBD products contain 0% THC and are infused with cannabis-derived, and cannabis-inspired, terpene profiles – featuring the same flavours and scents of your favourite cannabis strains. Or they contain the option to at the very least in cases of our CBD isolate products. Because they contain a full spectrum of different cannabinoids – including CBD, CBG, & CBC – they are ideal as high-potency supplements.

CBD Vape Pen – Should you use one?

CBD Vape Pen – Should you use one?

Should You Use a CBD Pen?

A CBD pen is a handy, portable device used for vaping CBD e-liquids and oil concentrates. Some come with refillable tanks, while others use disposable cartridges.

These devices work exactly like a regular e-cigarette. In fact, oil concentrate tanks (atomisers) are available for conventional e-liquid vapes.

The battery feeds power to a metal coil, which then heats up and vaporises the CBD mixture into an aerosol.

Vape pens carry several advantages. If you’re interested in vaping CBD, there are a few things you need to know.

CBD Pen Advantages

Ingestion is a very popular method when using CBD. Tinctures and capsules, for instance, are simple and discreet. Edibles, meanwhile, turn your daily CBD dose into a treat.

But pens have benefits as well.

CBD Loss is Offset

When you vape CBD oil, you don’t have to experience the loss that comes through ingesting it.  According to a study published in the U.S. National Library of Medicine, cannabinoids (like CBD) have lower peak levels when ingested. The study also reveals that these peak levels are lower than inhalation.

This is mainly due to the mode of delivery.  Edibles can take between 30 minutes to four hours before having an effect, Health Canada explains. The delay occurs because of the time needed for digestion.

Vaping, on the other hand, sends the CBD directly into your bloodstream via inhalation. This means the effects can be almost instantaneous, peaking at around 30 minutes.

Aside from improved efficacy, vaping is also quite easy. Although there are more advanced devices out there, a simple pen is all you need. These typically come in kits and can be quite cheap.

CBD Pens Are Very Discreet

It’s possible to vape CBD without awkward looks and uncomfortable stares from bystanders. That’s why vaping can be such a good option. Vaping is socially acceptable these days, so no one bats an eyelid when they see someone vaping. You can vape CBD discreetly without attracting unwanted attention.

Getting the Most Out of a CBD Pen

Stick to Vaping, as mentioned above, if you want the best experience. Ideally, use a high-density CBD vape.

Aside from lower longevity, vaping generates superior results compared to ingestion; however, this does not mean that every product is of high quality. In fact, the market is saturated with sub-par CBD liquids.

With this in mind, it helps to understand the basics of these liquids to benefit as much as possible.

E-Liquid vs. Oil

An important thing to keep in mind is the difference between CBD e-liquids and CBD vape oils. E-liquids are identical to the vape juices used in e-cigarettes, except the latter contain nicotine. These CBD products can work in a standard “vape”. Like their nicotine counterparts, CBD e-juices use vegetable glycerin (VG) and/or propylene glycol (PG) as carriers.

However, there is a marked difference between VG and PG that indicates quality. Low-end juices tend to contain the man-made PG chemical, which is known to cause occasional allergic reactions. VG, however, is derived from vegetable oil and is not associated with allergies.

Oil, on the other hand, does not use carriers like VG or PG. It is also incompatible with a standard e-cigarette tank. Fortunately, many pens work with both oils and e-liquids. If not, getting an appropriate tank for a basic vape pen is very inexpensive.

Synergy Extracts doesn’t like to use carriers like VG and PG, opting instead for a pure, full spectrum oil. Thanks to our manufacturing process, we’re able to design the oil to vaporise without the need for additional ingredients.

Isolate vs. Full Spectrum

There are two possible types of CBD vape extracts. Isolate is processed in such a way that any additional terpenes are filtered out, leaving up to 99% pure CBD. On the surface, this may sound great; however, it isn’t.

Cannabinoids like CBD rely on the “entourage effect,” where terpenes and other cannabinoids interact with the CBD (or THC) to maximise its efficacy. Isolate essentially cuts CBD off at the knees.

Full spectrum CBD is the opposite. Unlike isolate, the process does not remove additional terpenes, resulting in a stronger product. Make sure to choose vape juices or oils that are full spectrum.

Another thing to watch out for is how the item is manufactured. The finest CBD products are created through highly complex (and expensive) CO2 extraction process.

Always Check the Concentration

You need to know what you’re getting when you use your vape pen. That’s why it’s important to check the concentration. These can range from as little as 50mg to easily over 1,000mg. Higher concentrations are, naturally, more expensive.

Further Info

  • Vaping CBD does not involve combustion, so there is no exposure to hydrocarbons and carcinogens from burnt herb.
  • Our CBD vape liquids are 100% Legal in the UK, as the CBD is derived from industrial hemp and terpenes are also 100% Legal.
  • Synergy Extracts’ vape oils are so effective that a few puffs are all it takes to get a normal dose of CBD.

Browse our full range of Cannabinoid Distillate Vape Pens, with refill cartridges and refill vape liquids here

CBD Oil – What is it? and what does it do?

CBD Oil – What is it? and what does it do?

If you want to learn more about CBD oils, we can help you out. It’s important to get informed because knowledge is power, and that’s certainly true here. Read on to find out answers to some of your most pressing questions regarding CBD oil.

CBD Oils – What is it?

First of all, what is CBD? It means cannabidiol, which is a constituent part of hemp and cannabis. It occurs completely naturally, so there is nothing artificial about it. CBD oil refers to cannabis oil, and it always contains cannabidiol. This is extracted from certain varieties of cannabis. CBD is entirely non-psychotropic, and therefore it doesn’t give you the highs that many people instantly associate with cannabis. It carries many benefits, and that’s why more people are beginning to use it all the time. See our range here.

What Are the Potential Benefits?

Many people believe that CBD can help them fight anxiety and stress. In general, though, it’s something that could make a user feel better as they move through life and take on daily challenges. The potential is to improve their general wellness, CBD becomes a staple of their daily routine. We all lead busy and stressful lives these days, and that can make maintaining a balance more difficult than ever before. Luckily, hemp extract and CBD can help you with that.

How is Hemp Different From Marijuana?

Hemp and marijuana are not the same things, and it’s important to highlight this distinction. They come from the same genus of plant, but that doesn’t make them identical because their genetic profiles are very different. These days, hemp is bred to increase the amount of terpenes and cannabinoids. Hemp is essentially for people who want to experience the benefits of marijuana but don’t want to have to deal with the euphoric highs that come with it.

How Safe is it to Use CBD?

Hemp is very safe, and this is something that there is broad agreement on. It doesn’t cause people to feel high in the way that marijuana does, and it’s not believed to cause any negative side effects that might be unpleasant for users of CBD and hemp generally. However, everyone experiences these products differently. And if you have any further questions or concerns, speak to a medical professional before taking your interest in potentially using CBD any further.

Is Buying Hemp CBD Oils Legal?

Hemp CBD oil can be shipped anywhere across the country legally. So, you don’t even have to live in a part of the world where cannabis has been legalised. And you certainly don’t need to have a card which certifies you as a user of medicinal cannabis. This oil is legal and easy to transport. CBD oil UK is easy to get your hands on, and you won’t have to worry about legal issues at all.

More and more people are turning to the benefits of hemp CBD oil, so it’s something you should consider too. Now you know more about it, nothing’s stopping you.