The Different Types of Terpenes & CBD Oil Explained

The Different Types of Terpenes & CBD Oil Explained

Here at Synergy Extracts, we have pioneered the first range of terpene infused CBD products – and are proud to have done so. Bringing their combined, and amazing, suspected benefits to everyone. But, just what are terpenes? What is CBD? What are the different types of terpenes and CBD? And lastly, what are the different effects between them all?

To put it simply, terpenes are a combination of naturally occurring carbon and hydrogen found in the trichomes (crystals) of the cannabis plant. They are responsible for the colours, aromas, and flavours produced not just in the cannabis plant, but in every plant. Such as herbs, fruits, and vegetables. They are also believed to be responsible for the many various differences in each strain as discovered in a 2011 study of the British Journal of Pharmacology (B.J.P.).

Whereas CBD (cannabidiol), is a cannabinoid. Which has only been found in the cannabis plant. Some of its suspected benefits range from physical (like reducing nausea) and mental (anti-anxiety). Before a 2008 study by the B.J.P., active cannabinoids like CBD were believed to be the only property to bind to the endocannabinoid receptors of our brains.

Both terpenes and cannabinoids like CBD have their own suspected benefits and purposes, as well as, amplify the other’s – creating the synergistic “entourage effect” as shown in some studies by the British Journal of Pharmacology. However, what about their specific, and various, differences?

 

The Different Types of Terpenes & Their Effects

There are over 100 different types of terpenes found in the cannabis plant, each with their own benefits, that are also found in various other plants as well. Depending on the plant, they could have any combination of terpenes, of varying levels. With the handful of terpenes that have higher levels, being the ones whose effects you see.

However, that all being said, there are 5 main terpene profiles that are commonly found in, and contribute to the effects of, high CBD cannabis. But, which ones are suspected to do what, with so little research into the subject?

 

Sleepy Terpenes VS Day-Time Strains

The terpenes found in the cannabis plant can be put into two main categories: “sleepy” terpenes, and “day-time” strains. And it’s exactly as it sounds. They either give you a sleepy, sedative, relaxed feeling – or a feeling of having your energy boosted, as well as, your mood and focus improved. Which ones are which? And what are their suspected effects and benefits that they bring to the table?

 

Sleepy Terpenes

  • Linalool – Will typically have a lavender-like aroma. And just like lavender, linalool has been suspected to show properties and effects such as: reducing anxiety and depression, provide pain-relief and act as a sedative, and more. In some cases, it’s suspected to also have anti-spasm, antibacterial, and anticonvulsant properties. Some people even use it in topical homoeopathic remedies for skin care to take care of issues like acne and other skin issues.
  • Mycrene – Has an earthy, musky, and lightly fruity aroma – sometimes clove-like even. In some studies, it theoretically can provide sedative, pain relief, muscle relaxing, anti-inflammatory, liver-protective properties. Making it a terpene with amazing suspected synergistic effects. When combined with THC, it can incapacitate you but, when combined with only CBD? Just gives you a nice relaxed feeling instead.

 

Hybrid Terpenes

  • Pinene – If this terpene’s name wasn’t a dead giveaway, it gives off a nice piney smell. This one can be either a “sleepy” or “day-time” terpene depending on a couple of different factors. One being if it’s an alpha-pinene (a-pinene) or a beta-pinene (b-pinene). The other on how much is really in the balance of the full-spectrum CBD you’re using. Some of the suspected benefits are: memory improvement. alertness, increase in general energy levels, improved focus, suppressed activity, and increased sleep duration. As well as being an anti-inflammatory and improving airflow to your lungs – making it great for those with asthma.
  • Humulene – This terpene has a hops or coriander smell to it. In some studies, it’s been suspected to suppress appetite. As well as, have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and pain relief properties.

 

Day-Time Strains

  • Limonene – Has a citrusy-type aroma – from lemon to orange. Who wouldn’t love it? Allegedly the benefits of this fun terpene are mood improvement, heartburn and acid reflux relief, anti-anxiety and anti-depressant, nausea relief, anti-cancer, and helps the immune system. Which if you have an immune system disorder, this may be the one for you.
  • Caryophyllene – Will have a herby or peppery smell – just like oregano, black pepper and the other various herbs this one is found in. The most common caryophyllene found is beta-caryophyllene. In multiple studies by the British Journal of Pharmacology, they have discovered many suspected benefits of this particular terpene. Some studies have shown that this terpene theoretically has gastro-protective properties and attaches to the CB2 Receptors in our brains. Which is great for treating ulcers, inflammation, and even autoimmune disorders. It’s even suspected to be great as an anti-depressant and anti-anxiety too. Making this another very synergistic terpene as well.

As you can see, terpenes have a lot to offer, and it makes a lot of sense given all the holistic aromatherapy options there are out there. But, if terpenes are the main cause of the various effects… what about CBD and the different types and forms it comes in? How do they play a role?               

The Different Types of CBD
and Their Effects

 

While further research is being done into terpenes – more specifically the ones from the cannabis plant – the CBD cannabinoid does have its own role and alleged benefits. Studies have shown it to have the potential for both mental, and physical benefits such as anti-anxiety benefits, pain relief benefits and more.

In theory, the type of CBD you use, and the form it comes in will play a major role in how well it will work. And it will vary from person to person even based off of each person’s unique endocannabinoid system. But, just what are the different types of CBD?

Full Spectrum VS Broad Spectrum VS CBD Isolates

There are 3 main types of CBD you will see out and about – full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolates. And it can be confusing and overwhelming trying to choose one. However, there is a major difference in their strength and effectiveness depending on which type you choose. To put it simply, 100 milligrams of synthetic, single-molecule CBD? Is not equivalent to 100 milligrams of a CBD-rich whole plant cannabis extract.

  • Full Spectrum CBD – Full-spectrum essentially means the product is derived from the whole plant. A full spectrum product typically contains all compounds found naturally occurring in the plant. Including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids – that work together to magnify the therapeutic benefits of each individual cannabinoid.

It’s suspected that this is going to be the best type to choose if you want as much of the benefits and effects as possible. Not singling out a single part of the plant, or eliminating a portion. However, in the UK and US especially, any legally sold CBD product will contain little to no THC – and be within the legal amounts. This way you avoid getting the “high” feeling you get from THC, yet still, get amazing benefits and the “entourage effect”.

  • Broad Spectrum CBD – Broad spectrum CBD products are a happy little in-between of Isolate and Full Spectrum. Just like full spectrum products, the other compounds found within the plant are preserved in the extract. However, just like in a CBD Isolate, the THC compound is completely removed.

Broad spectrum CBD products can produce the “entourage effect” as they contain as many compounds of the plant possible, without the THC. Just not to the extent a full spectrum product can.

  • CBD Isolates – A CBD isolate will be the purest form of CBD you can get. As, scientifically speaking, an isolate is the purest form of a compound. Which is produced by singularly extracting that compound from its environment. Then isolating it from all other compounds of course. However, you will not get the “entourage” effect by solely using an isolate.

Isolates, and other CBD products, are typically extracted from hemp as the hemp plant has basically 0 THC, although may contain some traces. Including full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD products.

 

The Different Forms of CBD

 

Just like with CBD’s cousin THC, there have been many different ways to consume the supplement introduced over the years. We here at Synergy Extracts ®, have quite a few to choose from ourselves. When facing so many options, it can be difficult to choose. Let’s start with:

 

CBD Pens VS CBD Crumble

 

  • CBD Crumble Products – Also known as “Cannabinoid Crumble”, crumble products can be dabbed or vaped but, not added to foods. Our crumble options contain approximately 75%-85% CBD and 0% THC, and include terpene profiles.
  • CBD Vape Pen Products – Our CBD vape pen option contains 5%-50% CBD distillate, and 0% THC, and include terpene profiles. Depending on the cartridge chosen – you can even refill it with our CBD oil for vape pens (AKA CBD vape oil) when needed – or just interchange the cartridge. This makes this a very convenient product that can be brought and utilized anywhere.

 

CBD Oral Paste VS CBD Oral Oils/Tinctures

  • CBD Oral Paste – This type of product must be taken orally, and cannot be dabbed. Our oral pastes (AKA CBD Extracts) come in a syringe and consist of 40% CBD oils, and 0% THC – as well as include terpene profiles.
  • CBD Oral Oils/Tinctures – Also known as “Oral CBD”, any CBD oil or tincture that can be taken orally – must only be taken orally, and cannot be dabbed or vaped. Ours contains: 5-10% CBD oils and 0% THC, as well as terpene profiles.

 

CBD Distillates VS CBD Crystals

 

  • CBD Distillates – Distillates are a form of CBD isolates. But, are more of a broad spectrum type product when dealing with us here at Synergy Extracts. As we incorporate a full spectrum of different cannabinoids like CBD, CBG, and CBC into our distillate products. Distillates can be dabbed, vaped, or added to e-liquid. However, they cannot be added to foods. Ours contains 75% CBD and 0% THC. While this particular product may not be supplemented by our terpenes – they can be at the client’s request.
  • CBD Crystals – Also known as CBD Isolate. This is a CBD product you’re going to receive CBD in its purest form in as there are no other traces of cannabinoids besides CBD in it. Ours, in particular, contains 90% CBD, and 0% THC. Just like with the CBD distillate, CBD crystals can be dabbed vaped or added to e-liquid. However, cannot be taken orally.

Bringing it All Together and Which Ones Would be Best for You?

 

As you can see, utilizing terpene-infused CBD supplements have great, and varying alleged benefits. All depending on the cannabinoid and terpene profile of the product – and your own endocannabinoid make-up.

A day-time strain would be better for when you need to be awake and improve focus and alertness. While a night-time or “sleepy-time” strain would be best for night -time to help you relax or with insomnia. While a hybrid should theoretically do both.

So, what’s really the best one for you? The CBD supplement product with the cannabinoid and terpene profile, type, and form that works for your needs.

** Please Note: Depending on the manufacturer/supplier, of any CBD Product, the CBD and THC percentage levels may vary. All Synergy Extracts CBD products contain 0% THC and are infused with cannabis-derived, and cannabis-inspired, terpene profiles – featuring the same flavours and scents of your favourite cannabis strains. Or they contain the option to at the very least in cases of our CBD isolate products. Because they contain a full spectrum of different cannabinoids – including CBD, CBG, & CBC – they are ideal as high-potency supplements.

10 Things to Consider Before Buying a CBD Vape Pen

10 Things to Consider Before Buying a CBD Vape Pen

As CBD products gain mainstream awareness, you may consider buying a CBD vape pen online or at a local shop. In this article, we’re going to go over some things you should consider before you commit to that purchase.


 

Vaping CBD Is the Most Efficient Method

There is a multitude of ways you can consume CBD – either through smoking, ingesting, or sublingually. CBD can also be vaped, and some research suggests that vaping may be the most effective delivery method.

CBD Bioavailability is the amount of CBD that enters into your bloodstream. Once it’s in your blood, it can be utilised by your body. The amount varies depending on which way you consume CBD.  

Research has found that vaporizing CBD has a bioavailability of 34-46%. For comparison, ingesting CBD has a bioavailability of less than 10% and sublingually has around 20%. So this means that vaporising CBD is the most effective method of consumption.

 

Correct Vaping Temperature

One important thing to remember when purchasing a CBD vape pen is to make sure that it’s vaping at the proper temperature. Poorly constructed vape pens allow the heating element to become too hot, thus ruining the CBD product.

When CBD vape oil gets too hot, it can lead to the sublimation of the thinning agents or other materials in the vape oil. One recent study suggests that the ideal vaping temperature is 210°C, although the typical range is 180°C-200°C.

In any case, it’s essential to check if the CBD vape pen states at what temperature it operates at, or if you can control it yourself.

 

CBD Vape Pen Cost

Luckily, CBD vape pens are not all that expensive, and many affordable options exist. Going with a vape pen starter kit is usually a reliable strategy. However, if you like to spec things out for yourself, you can browse different models.

If you’re thinking about going for a CBD vape starter kit, then Synergy Extracts can provide a premium quality CBD vape pen kit. Even vape enthusiasts will be impressed, and possibly surprised, by the quality of these kits.

On the high-end of the spectrum, you have tank style vapes with voltage control. The middle range has pens that are generally refillable. On the lower end, you have one-time use or “disposable” pens.

Typically, voltage controlled tank style pens can cost up to £80. The best bang for your buck is the refillable pen styles, which usually cost £50-£60. Disposable CBD vape pens can cost £25 or under but can’t be re-used.

Vaping Discretion

Except for tank style vapes, CBD vape pens are typically very discreet. This is because they look pretty much the same as other e-cigarette vaporisers. If you’re looking for a discreet option, then using a CBD vape pen is the best way to go.

Ease of Use With CBD Vape Pens

Depending on which model you go for, CBD vape pens have effortless operation. Many times it’s just a push of a button, while others only require you to inhale to fire up the coils.

Tank styles and some pen vapes have adjustable voltage and temperature settings. While not overly complicated, it adds a bit of depth to the functioning of the vaporiser. Also, these types of vape pens need to be refilled with CBD vape oil.

If you don’t care too much about configuration, then disposable CBD vape pens are an excellent option.

Typically they’re ready to start vaping straight out of the package. These don’t require a setup process, and instead, just press the button and inhale.

Reliability

In general, keep an eye out for high-quality vape pens. Higher prices don’t equate to a superior product, so it’s imperative that you review every aspect of the vape pen or vape kit. Read reviews and the experiences of other users and make sure it’s from a reputable company.

Typically, tank or pen style CBD vape pens are more reliable than disposable vapes.  However, if you don’t take proper care of your vaporiser, then it may not function well. So always maintain your vaporiser to keep it operating smoothly.

 

Cost Effectiveness

So which is the most cost-effective CBD vape you can buy? Generally speaking, tank style or pen style CBD vape pens are the best bang for your buck.

Buying your own CBD vape oil and refilling your device or replacing parts is much cheaper than buying a disposable. Although tank and pen CBD vapes cost 2-3 times the price, not including the oil, they’re still less expensive in the long run.

 

Convenience

If convenience is a concern for you, then disposable types of CBD vape pens will be right for you. With disposables, there’s no need for charging, refilling or changing any settings.

Everything is ready to go right out of the box, you only need to pick up the pen and puff.    

 

CBD Vape-Oil Quality

Not all CBD vape oils are created equally, and at Synergy Extracts, we only use the highest quality extracts and oils. To get the most out of your CBD vape pen, you need to purchase only the best quality CBD vape oil.

Trying to do this is not as easy as it may first appear.

Make sure that the CBD vape oils are free from any thinning agents like propylene glycol (PG). A study has found that the PG found in many vape oils can cause respiratory problems. So do extensive research on the CBD vape oil that you purchase or is being pre-packaged in a CBD vape pen.

Vape the Right Oil

First of all, you need to make sure that you can obtain CBD vape oil meant for vaporising. Many CBD oils are for sublingual use and can’t be used in your CBD vape pen. The problem is that there are cuticle waxes that end up in the oil. Usually, these aren’t a problem if using sublingually, but they can cause a buildup in the lungs if vaped.

So always make sure that you’re using a CBD vape oil that has been winterised and all other plants parts removed from the liquid.

 

Making the Right Choice when selecting a CBD Vape Pen

There are many reasons why buying a CBD pen will improve the quality and experience of taking CBD. Now that you know about the various aspects of CBD vape pens, you’ll be much more confident when investing in a new CBD vape pen product.

How much CBD should I Vape, when Vaping a Pure and Concentrated CBD Oil Vape Pen?

How much CBD should I Vape, when Vaping a Pure and Concentrated CBD Oil Vape Pen?

You’re considering vaping CBD, but there are an overwhelming number of options out there and prices seem to vary considerably. What should you be taking into account when making a product selection, and is there any special reason why you should consider a concentrated CBD oil vape pen above other CBD vape products?

Selecting a product based on its price has its pitfalls. Why should some CBD products cost more than others? It all comes down to the concentration of CBD. Some products only contain tiny amounts of CBD and a lot of propylene glycol, the synthetic carrier that’s used for most vape juices. To clarify why this is important, we need to dig a little deeper.

Why Vape CBD?

CBD is a cannabinoid that’s extracted from hemp plants. It doesn’t produce a high, but many people find it relaxing and research suggests it may have potential health benefits. There are multiple ways of taking CBD, but for some people, vaping is the most effective.

This is because vaping is the fastest way to get CBD into your system as it enters straight into the bloodstream. This has an additional benefit. We all want to get value for money, which in CBD terms means finding a delivery method that allows for the maximum amount of CBD to be used by the body. When taking CBD via the oral route in capsules or CBD tinctures, much of the active ingredients are lost through the digestive process. So if you want top bang for your buck, vaping CBD is the way forward.

Propylene Glycol and CBD Vaping

Propylene glycol is a synthetic agent used to keep CBD vape juice flowable. In its natural state, CBD is a solid, and that would make it unsuitable as an e-juice. To make matters more complicated, there’s also no set standard that lays down how much CBD should be added to propylene glycol before it can be seen as a CBD vape juice.

Although there’s no conclusive evidence that propylene glycol, a synthetic compound that is also used as a food additive, is dangerous, there are certainly some concerns about its long-term health effects. Propylene glycol has been linked to asthma and allergies, while another study links it to the formation of formaldehyde, which is a known carcinogen.

The authors of the study suggested that inhaled propylene glycol could be five times as carcinogenic as cigarettes. However, this result is not conclusive because no long-term studies on vaping have been conducted so far.

Breakthrough: A Concentrated CBD Vape Pen Without Propylene Glycol

At Synergy Extracts we believe in the health-boosting potential of hemp just as nature intended. We wanted to produce a high CBD oil vape pen that would contain nothing but natural ingredients. Through experimentation, we discovered that by reintroducing the natural hemp terpenes into a CBD distillate, we were able to keep CBD flowable. The result is a completely natural product with no propylene glycol added.

But what are terpenes? They aren’t cannabinoids, but they are found in all aromatic plants including hemp. Apart from imparting fragrance and flavour, they are believed to offer a host of health benefits in their own right, and when paired with CBD, are thought to enhance its positive effects due to what’s been termed ‘the entourage effect.’

Choosing a CBD Oil Vape Pen: What to Look Out For

When choosing your CBD vape oil, price per volume is only one factor to take into consideration. Evaluate CBD vape products using the following criteria:

  • How much CBD does the product contain?
  • What other ingredients are in the e-juice?
  • Does the CBD vape product contain whole plant CBD goodness like terpenes and minor cannabinoids?  

Just as it’s a good idea to read the labels of packaged foods to see what you’re getting, you should also check CBD product labels closely to see what you’ll be inhaling along with CBD.

Synergy Extracts for Natural Wellness

At Synergy Extracts we believe in the health boosting benefits of compounds found in nature like CBD. We have made it our business to develop state of the art vape technology allowing you to have the ultimate CBD vaping experience with no nasty chemicals added. A few puffs on your vape pen should give you all the CBD you need, and you don’t have to worry about the potential harm that synthetic additives might cause.

Use our concentrated CBD oil vape pen as a benchmark against which you measure any other products you may be considering, and feel free to contact us if you would like any further information. If you are interested, you can view our high quality CBD Vape Pen UK range to see what a true high quality CBD Oil Vape Pen looks like!

CBD Vape Pen – Should you use one?

CBD Vape Pen – Should you use one?

Should You Use a CBD Pen?

A CBD pen is a handy, portable device used for vaping CBD e-liquids and oil concentrates. Some come with refillable tanks, while others use disposable cartridges.

These devices work exactly like a regular e-cigarette. In fact, oil concentrate tanks (atomisers) are available for conventional e-liquid vapes.

The battery feeds power to a metal coil, which then heats up and vaporises the CBD mixture into an aerosol.

Vape pens carry several advantages. If you’re interested in vaping CBD, there are a few things you need to know.

CBD Pen Advantages

Ingestion is a very popular method when using CBD. Tinctures and capsules, for instance, are simple and discreet. Edibles, meanwhile, turn your daily CBD dose into a treat.

But pens have benefits as well.

CBD Loss is Offset

When you vape CBD oil, you don’t have to experience the loss that comes through ingesting it.  According to a study published in the U.S. National Library of Medicine, cannabinoids (like CBD) have lower peak levels when ingested. The study also reveals that these peak levels are lower than inhalation.

This is mainly due to the mode of delivery.  Edibles can take between 30 minutes to four hours before having an effect, Health Canada explains. The delay occurs because of the time needed for digestion.

Vaping, on the other hand, sends the CBD directly into your bloodstream via inhalation. This means the effects can be almost instantaneous, peaking at around 30 minutes.

Aside from improved efficacy, vaping is also quite easy. Although there are more advanced devices out there, a simple pen is all you need. These typically come in kits and can be quite cheap.

CBD Pens Are Very Discreet

It’s possible to vape CBD without awkward looks and uncomfortable stares from bystanders. That’s why vaping can be such a good option. Vaping is socially acceptable these days, so no one bats an eyelid when they see someone vaping. You can vape CBD discreetly without attracting unwanted attention.

Getting the Most Out of a CBD Pen

Stick to Vaping, as mentioned above, if you want the best experience. Ideally, use a high-density CBD vape.

Aside from lower longevity, vaping generates superior results compared to ingestion; however, this does not mean that every product is of high quality. In fact, the market is saturated with sub-par CBD liquids.

With this in mind, it helps to understand the basics of these liquids to benefit as much as possible.

E-Liquid vs. Oil

An important thing to keep in mind is the difference between CBD e-liquids and CBD vape oils. E-liquids are identical to the vape juices used in e-cigarettes, except the latter contain nicotine. These CBD products can work in a standard “vape”. Like their nicotine counterparts, CBD e-juices use vegetable glycerin (VG) and/or propylene glycol (PG) as carriers.

However, there is a marked difference between VG and PG that indicates quality. Low-end juices tend to contain the man-made PG chemical, which is known to cause occasional allergic reactions. VG, however, is derived from vegetable oil and is not associated with allergies.

Oil, on the other hand, does not use carriers like VG or PG. It is also incompatible with a standard e-cigarette tank. Fortunately, many pens work with both oils and e-liquids. If not, getting an appropriate tank for a basic vape pen is very inexpensive.

Synergy Extracts doesn’t like to use carriers like VG and PG, opting instead for a pure, full spectrum oil. Thanks to our manufacturing process, we’re able to design the oil to vaporise without the need for additional ingredients.

Isolate vs. Full Spectrum

There are two possible types of CBD vape extracts. Isolate is processed in such a way that any additional terpenes are filtered out, leaving up to 99% pure CBD. On the surface, this may sound great; however, it isn’t.

Cannabinoids like CBD rely on the “entourage effect,” where terpenes and other cannabinoids interact with the CBD (or THC) to maximise its efficacy. Isolate essentially cuts CBD off at the knees.

Full spectrum CBD is the opposite. Unlike isolate, the process does not remove additional terpenes, resulting in a stronger product. Make sure to choose vape juices or oils that are full spectrum.

Another thing to watch out for is how the item is manufactured. The finest CBD products are created through highly complex (and expensive) CO2 extraction process.

Always Check the Concentration

You need to know what you’re getting when you use your vape pen. That’s why it’s important to check the concentration. These can range from as little as 50mg to easily over 1,000mg. Higher concentrations are, naturally, more expensive.

Further Info

  • Vaping CBD does not involve combustion, so there is no exposure to hydrocarbons and carcinogens from burnt herb.
  • Our CBD vape liquids are 100% Legal in the UK, as the CBD is derived from industrial hemp and terpenes are also 100% Legal.
  • Synergy Extracts’ vape oils are so effective that a few puffs are all it takes to get a normal dose of CBD.

Browse our full range of Cannabinoid Distillate Vape Pens, with refill cartridges and refill vape liquids here