Vaping is the act of inhaling and exhaling vaporized liquid through an electronic device known as a vaporiser or vape pen. The term is used because CBD vape pens and mods do not produce smoke. As they do not use a “burning” process.
In a typical CBD vape pen or vape mod that accepts CBD vape oils, there’s a pretty simple process. A battery-powered ceramic heating element quickly heats the CBD vape oil until it turns into a vapour. Which is in turn, inhaled.
Then, the vaporised CBD e-liquid passes through tiny air sacs in the lungs, called alveoli. Just before entering the bloodstream. From there, the CBD compound travels to the brain rapidly to interact with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain. Which are part of the endocannabinoid system.
However, there are some types of vaporizers that allow you to “vape” CBD flower or CBD wax concentrates. But, in order to vape CBD in a standard CBD vape pen or vape mod – a “liquid” CBD vape oil is required so the oil can “flow” onto the coil. So, what makes liquid CBD vape oils so different?
What is in CBD Vape Oils?
Typically, the CBD extract will be blended with a carrier liquid in a CBD e-liquid – or vape oil. Which often times, that carrier liquid is propylene glycol (PG) or vegetable glycerin (VG), or a mixture of both. The main reason for this is, PG creates a stronger throat hit, while VG creates thicker clouds. Essentially meaning to mimic the feeling you get from smoking – and for aesthetic purposes. Because, blowing out big, huge clouds is just plain fun. Plain and simple.
However, there is another common additive in CBD vape juices and e-liquids – flavourings. Many manufacturers use artificial flavourings, while others opt for more natural flavourings, like terpenes, such as ourselves. Here at Synergy Extracts, our CBD cartridges for CBD vape pens contain purely and only CBD and the natural flavourings/terpenes.
Is Vaping CBD Safe?
This is a question that has been coming up a lot lately. Especially since, in the US, there has been a lot of health-related issues with vaping in recent months. Mainly linked to black market counterfeit THC vape cartridges, which contained unknown cutting agents, such as Vitamin E acetate as well as having heavy metal and pesticide residues.The simple answer is, introducing a foreign, unknown liquid you bought off the street into your lungs is not the best for you. This is why we advise people to use “concentrated” cannabis extracts,which have a VERY long history of safe consumption, and so that you only need to take in micro doses to get the desired effect, as opposed to weaker e-liquids that require you to vape all day long just to get a small amount of CBD.
One major factor to note- Millions of people have been vaping cannabis oils (for decades/centuries) and nicotine e-liquids safely for many years. Since around approximately 2007. And these reports seem to have begun very recently – i.e. summer of 2019
The Different Types of Terpenes & CBD Oil Explained
How to Use CBD Vape Oils
When it comes to knowing how to use CBD vape oils, first things first is knowing your product. Such as the vape equipment and the type of CBD vape juice you have or plan on using. Is it disposable or refillable? A cartridge or a tank? A pen or a mod? What is the CBD vape oil you have made of? Is it the right kind for the vape you’re going to use? Was it bought from a trustworthy source?
Know Your CBD Vape Equipment
Knowing your CBD vape equipment is just as important as knowing your CBD vape oil. Because if utilised incorrectly, it can at the least – cost you a pretty penny. The easiest way to avoid this is to follow the instructions, or user manual, that came with your new vaporizer. But, let’s go over the different kinds and how they work. As well as, what you can use in them, shall we?
Large Tank Style Vape: Consists of a vape battery of choice with a tank and cotton coil. Will require a CBD e-liquid made of PG and/or VG to fill the tank with.
Vape Pen: There are two types of CBD Vape Pens, disposable and reusable. The disposable typically comes pre-filled and is all one piece, so once it’s done – it’s done. And you can throw it away. Disposable CBD vape pens are typically draw/inhale to hit – and have no buttons.
The other CBD Vape Pens style is re-usable. This one will consist of a battery which can be recharged that you can attach the cartridge to. Whether you’re using a disposable or refillable cartridge. You can just replace them when you are done.
Disposable Vape Pens: Cartridge will come pre-filled with CBD extract and attached permanently to the battery, once your done, the entire unit is fit for the bin (the least environmentally friendly and not sold on our website for this reason)
Refillable Vape pens/cartridges: Come pre-filled and the cartridge can be topped up with high potency CBD Distillate vape oil. The battery is rechargeable via a USB charger. However, you will want to recycle the cartridge once the coil is burnt. Otherwise, you’ll effect the flavour of the fresh terpene rich oils. You can refill your cartridge with a CBD extract vape oil.
Vape pen kits are typically for beginners but, they are popular with beginners and experienced vapers alike. Purely for the convenience factor. They’re an easy and mess-free option. They also allow more controlled and accurate dosing with a fairly consistent 2.5mg of CBD per puff.
It is our opinion that vaping CBD concentrates is without a doubt the most enjoyable, cost effective and cleanest way to intake CBD. CBD Concentrates are usually upwards of 70% potency and you can take in larger flavourful doses in one hit. 5mg-30mg-50mg or even 100mg of CBD could be placed into the chamber and vaporised. Plus, the devices used to vaporise CBD Concentrates can be cleaned and reused over and over again which is more environmentally friendly.
Determining Your CBD Dosage
Because each CBD vape pen, DabPen and tank is capable of different levels of vapour output… and each person’s puffs take in different amounts of vapour – there is no definitive way to determine a dosage. That being said, the first step to vaping CBD is knowing how much to vape – and which strength to buy. Several factors go into determining this, such as:
- CBD strength
- Delivery method
- Body chemistry
However, it is highly recommended that you start with the lowest possible dose. Then gradually increase by 5 mg intervals as needed. Because there are so many variables. The lowest dosage possible based off of weight would be:
As mentioned, the equipment comes into play as well. For example, a standard Synergy Extracts 0.5mL cartridge can provide approximately 100 puffs total. Depending on puff duration of course. As a result, a 0.5mL cartridge containing 250 mg of CBD will give you around 2.5 mg of CBD per puff.
Should You Vape CBD?
The answer to this question is, it’s really up to you. At Synergy Extracts, we recommend you research the product before you use it. In many cases your inhaling a lot of unnecessary compounds in order to get your dose of CBD. That’s why our products have no harmful chemicals utilised. Our customers, and their health, matter to us. Otherwise, we wouldn’t be in this business. Although is takes a little bit more knowledge on equipment vaporising CBD Concentrates such as our CBD Crumble, CBD Diamonds and Sauce and CBD Crystal is by far the best option, not to mention more cost effective.
You may also be intrested in:
DabCap V2 – What It Is and How It Benefits You
Dabbing CBD VS Vaping – Which One is Better for You?
** Please Note: Depending on the manufacturer/supplier, of any CBD Product, including CBD Vape Pens, the CBD and THC percentage levels may vary. All Synergy Extracts CBD products contain 0% THC and are infused with cannabis-derived, and cannabis-inspired, terpene profiles – featuring the same flavours and scents of your favourite cannabis strains. Or they contain the option to at the very least in cases of our CBD isolate products. Because they contain a full spectrum of different cannabinoids – including CBD, CBG, & CBC – they are ideal as high-potency supplements.
CBD Distillate – The future of cannabis vape pens?
A CBD Distillate is one of the newest trends in cannabis concentrates. Although it’s a very new way of refining cannabis oils, the methods used actually go back to the 8th century A.D. Arabic alchemist Abu Musa Jabir ibn Hayyan designed the alembic pot still, a contraption that improved the distillation of spirits by retaining or enhancing flavours.
Distillation is a process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective evaporation and condensation. In layman’s terms, distillers heat and boil the raw alcohol or CO2 cannabis extract. The resulting steam evaporates through a condensation chamber where it is rapidly cooled, returning to an oil form that resembles light honey or syrup. None of the impurities carry over during the process, so the resulting extract is clean, potent and 100% natural. Unlike CBD isolate, no further chemicals are needed to complete the process.
CBD distillate vs. other cannabis extracts
CBD Distillate is the pinnacle for us here at Synergy Extracts, as it is ideal for vaping. The oil is free from residual lipids, waxes, fats and chlorophyll when compared to the many CO2 extracts found on the market today. CO2 extracts can be winterised to remove lipids, but it’s very hard to match the purity of a distillate. CO2 extracts are always done using carbon dioxide as a solvent under extreme pressure. Consequently, this filters unwanted compounds out of the plant material.
A solvent is essentially any chemical liquid that dissolves a product into a solution. Propane hash oil (PHO) or butane hash oil (BHO) are produced with extraction methods that use these specific elements to extract the raw oil from the plant.
But solvents like BHO and CO2 typically leave behind residue, impurities and unwanted materials. Cannabis distillates, however, are created using a short path distillation technique that differs from typical solvent extraction. Heat vaporises THC and CBD, bringing the vapour into a cooling system for consolidation and eventual collection into beakers. This process is repeated several times to create pure cannabinoids without chlorophyll, plant matter or residual solvents.
Issues with CBD distillates
One of the biggest problems with distillates is that they crystallise and solidify (rather than remain in a syrup-like consistency) when their purity is above 60-70% CBD. This causes a massive problem when used in vape pens and cartridges. After one or two days, the oil crystallises, affecting the coil’s ability to absorb the liquid. Consequently, this causes what vapourists call a “dry hit” or “burnt hit” – an unbearable burning sensation that vape connoisseurs dread. This can also permanently damage the coil.
How Synergy Extracts uses CBD distillates in concentrate vapourisers.
Terpene content is the core of our product. Thanks to the “entourage effect,” terpenes combine with the CBD to enhance its effects – something that isolates lack.
It took approximately one year of meticulous research and testing to perfect our new range of luxury CBD vape cartridges. Through the manipulation of terpenes, we were able to prevent the aforementioned crystallisation plaguing similar products, while maintaining superb flavour in our Synergy Vapes pens.
Due to the much more complex process and advanced machinery, distillates are more expensive to produce than concentrates. However, concentrates don’t come close to matching the purity and potency of their distillate counterparts. All things considered, no CBD enthusiast should settle for less.
If you want to learn more, you can find our full range of Synergy Vapes 50% CBD Vape Kits, Prefilled Cartridges and Refills here: Synergy Vapes and our 75% CBD Distillate ‘Sugar’ here: Distillate
By now I’m sure you are familiar with what terpenes are, and possibly how they interact with other compounds in cannabis to create something called the entourage effect. The Cannabinoid + Terpenoid synergy.
What do these powerful organic compounds actually do in the body?
Terpenes, like cannabinoids, interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, a collection of cell receptors and corresponding molecules that help regulate sleep, appetite, mood, motor control, immune function, reproduction, pleasure, pain, memory, and even temperature. Humans produce their own cannabinoids, called endocannabinoids (endo meaning ‘within’) with help from fatty acids, particularly Omega-3’s.
Not only do terpenes help cannabinoids latch onto the brains CB1 receptors by enhancing the penetration of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), they also help cannabinoids like CBD to bind to other receptors throughout our body. Different terpenes will affect us in different ways. While some might boost energy, focus and creativity others will help relaxation, anxiety and sleep.
This interaction is what interests the team at Synergy Extracts® the most, and it’s why manufacturers who have integrated terpenes into their single-compound products have an edge among those who still use “CBD-only” extracts.
We won’t go into detail on every terpene we use in our product formulations but let’s take a look at some of the most common terpenes that we use in our line of products. What they do.What they smell like and some of the effects you may feel from the CBD products which are dominant in these terpenes.
Limonene (The Orange terpene)
Natural Limonene on it’s own in 99% isolated form is easily one of the most pleasant smelling and familiar terpenes you will get your nose into. It has a super sweet orange aroma and flavour (rather than sharp and bitter like orange peel) . It is an uplifting & invigorating terpene, great for day-time use when a boost of energy is needed. Also known for it’s anti-anxiety effects, limonene is one of the most common terpenes found in nature, up there with alpha-pinene.
The benefits of inhaling or ingesting this uplifting terpene can include elevated mood & energy, stress relief, and increased mental focus. Limonene also has antifungal and antibacterial properties, which is why it’s found in so many household cleaners.
Synergy products that are high in limonene include : Lemon Haze, Lemon OG, Orange Diesel, Orange Crush and Apple Jackl
Myrcene (The mango terpene)
Number 2 on our list of terpenes which taste & smell incredible in isolated form is the tropical fruit smelling and sedating terpene “Myrcene”
Myrcene is the most commonly found terpene in indica (sleepy) cannabis, sometimes composing up to 50 percent of a cannabis plant’s terpene volume. It produces a tropical or citrus aroma with an earthy, spicy undertone. (It’s also found in huge quantities in mangos.)
Myrcene is often referred to as the “couch-lock” terpene, for its slight sedative effects. This anti-oxidant, terpene is also good for brain function, stress, and insomnia.
There’s a bit of an urban legend you may have already heard about, but it holds some merit: Next time you plan to consume cannabis, eat a mango about 45 minutes ahead of time. Mangos are incredibly high in myrcene, which can help cannabinoid molecules reach specialised receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system, enhancing the therapeutic effects considerably.
Synergy products high in Myrcene are : Shishkaberry, Sour Diesel, Pineapple Express, Blue Dream and Lavender Kush
Alpha-pinene (The Pine tree terpene)
Pinene is the most commonly found terpene in the world, and is responsible for the smell you might associate with pine needles or rosemary. It actually has two isomers, alpha- and beta-pinene. Alpha-pinene is more common in cannabis. (Beta-pinene is more reminiscent of dill, basil, and hops.)
A-pinene promotes brain function and improved respiration. This terpene is unrivalled for focus & creativity.
You’ll find a-pinene in high concentrations in our products : OG kush, Apple Jack & Orange Diesel to name a few.
Linalool (The Lavender terpene)
Commonly found in flowers and spices including lavender and coriander. Isolated Linalool has an extremely loud floral scent that is often found in aromatherapy products formulated for stress relief.
Linalool’s biggest draw is relief from stress, anxiety, and depression. Linalool can also serve as a sedative, and supports brain function.
Synergy products with high levels of Linalool are unsurprisingly : Lavender Kush, Grandaddy purple & Blue dream.
Beta-Caryophyllene (The Black Pepper terpene)
Beta-Caryophyllene has a sweet biscuit/ spicy aroma. Which reminds many of xmas spices. It is found in smaller %’s in many green, leafy vegetables, herbs, and spices. Caryophylene contributes to black pepper’s spiciness.
A group of German and Swiss scientists, led by Andreas Zimmer, PhD and Ildiko Racz, PhD of the University of Bonn, discovered that Beta-caryophyllene is actually a cannabinoid.
And not just any cannabinoid, but one that acts specifically on the body’s CB2 cannabinoid pathways. On the other hand, the pathways responsible for the marijuana high, CB1 receptors, aren’t affected by caryophyllene.
Caryopyllene is so effective at treating anxiety we include it in all of our own custom terpene blends in varying quantities. It offers a lovely undertone of spicy/earthiness which compliments most, if not all of our terpene profiles.
Synergy Products high in Beta-Caryophyllene are : Pineapple Express, Shishkaberry, Lemon Haze, and Orange Diesel.
Shangrila CBD crumble
Blueberry Headband CBD crumble
Orange crush CBD crumble
Double Purple Doja CBD crumble
Lemon Haze cbd crumble
Candy Kush CBD crystal
Synergy Extracts® are world leaders in terpene infused CBD dabs and concentrates, utilising our many years of research in terpenes to create super powerful and aromatic “legal” CBD dabs infused with 100% cannabis derived terpenes. CBD dabs are taking off worldwide, and are one of the cleanest and most effective ways to supplement the diet with cannabinoids.
Now that their are some great quality, variable wattage, portable concentrate vape pens on the market, capable of vaporising purified cannabinoids, the market is growing and our extremely unique CBD dab products are gaining recognition worldwide for a number of reasons.
- Our processes allow us to isolate, separate, and retain a number of healthy compounds from a raw extract, rather than isolating only one element. ie CBD isolate and the rest being wasted.
- We retain all other valuable compounds in the plant while removing the THC.
- Under the legal THC limit so suitable for worldwide shipping.
- Infused with fully cannabis derived terpene profiles after decarboxylation.
- We only use extremely complex Grade A terpene profiles.
- Full spectrum legal cannabinoid profile.
- Only steam distilled cannabis flowers used.
- Collaborations with a number of world leading U.S terpene extractors.
- Hand made small batches to ensure fresh and terpy extracts.
CBD Dab Recommendations
Our CBD dabs are best enjoyed at low temperatures around 180-300 degrees centigrade (356-572 degrees Fahrenheit). Again depending on whether the device has water cooling attachments. This temperature range will give you a taste sensation, a smooth vapor which will coat your taste buds in terpenes and hashy cannabinoids. We guarantee once you try the Synergy of Nature CBD dabs range you won’t look anywhere else…
Please visit our online store HERE to browse our range of CBD dabs. An unrivalled range of terpene infused CBD crystals and crumbles.
Candy Kush CBD crystal
Blueberry Headband CBD crumble
Orange crush CBD crumble
Double Purple Doja CBD crumble
Lemon Haze cbd crumble
Terpene infused CBD crystals vs CBD crumble, What’s best?
Since the team of terpene experts here at Synergy Extracts® were the first to pioneer and introduce terpene infused CBD crystals and crumbles to the UK and European CBD marketplace, we would like to take the time to clarify and answer some questions that keep popping up with a simple F.A.Q for 2 of the most common questions.
We originally launched our terpene infused CBD crystals back in February 2016, originally steam distilling fruits such as red mandarin, grapefruit and lime which produced a very aromatic, terpene rich essential oil. Although these terpene essential oils offered a dominant and enjoyable flavour when combined with CBD isolate(due to the terpene content of between 85-95%) it was in some ways overpowering and tended to crackle during vaporisation or dabbing due to the impurities picked up from the fruits. We then decided to move our steam distillation department to Spain where we started to run some legendary strains through the same equipment which offered an extremely complex and clean cannabis essential oil, which tasted incredible, no burning, no crackling. Just pure clean flavours and added entourage effects. We were onto a winner.
Upon launching our terpene infused CBD crystals we couldn’t keep up with demand. The current vaping/dabbing CBD market was either stuck using the tasteless and odourless 99% isolated CBD crystal (which was completely void of any terpenes, flavonoids and other trace cannabinoids) or really bad tasting lipid rich full spectrum extracts which would clog up dab pen atomisers leaving behind a gunked up foul tasting residue.
We knew the terpene infused CBD crystals we were making were therapeutic and enjoyable but our main goal has always, always been to release a legal very low THC but still full spectrum CBD shatter extract to the public, which happened eventually in December 2016. Needless to say this hashy aromatic and super healthy and super concentrated extract totally took over the terpene infused CBD crystal sales…and for GOOD reason. We will continue to keep supplying some of our terpene infused CBD crystals as there is some demand there.
So anyway onto the F.A.Q starting with the 2 most commonly asked.
Q-Whats the difference between your terpene infused CBD crystals and terpene infused CBD crumbles?
A-The CBD crumble is superior therapeutically due to the full spectrum nature of the extract. The extract also contains other cannabinoids like CBG, CBC and CBDv, as well as many flavonoids i.e Apigenin. The full spectrum crumble also carries an unmistakable hashy flavour that will remind you of the plant in question. Where as crystalline CBD extracts are odourless, tasteless and colourless.
Q-What exactly does “Full-spectrum” mean?
A-Full spectrum is a term used to describe an extract with many different compounds which work together synergistically. Even though the extract is pretty much void of THC, it’s still full-spectrum in that, it is a whole plant extract rich in many different beneficial constituents such as cannabinoids, terpenoids, flavonoids, vitamins, minerals and nitrogenous compounds. Isolated CBD(even with cannabis terpenes reintroduced) doesn’t come close to the overall health benefits of this type of extract through many different biological mechanisms which happen inside of our bodies. An example of such is the flavonoid apigenin which directly inhibits the CYP2C9 liver enzyme which destroys and removes cannabinoids such as CBD from the bloodstream. If a “full spectrum” CBD extract contains this flavonoid you will have more CBD passing freely in systematic circulation and a much longer lasting effect. These types of flavonoid are completely removed (along with everything else) in the process of making CBD isolate.
Please visit our store HERE too browse our range of game changing terpene infused CBD crystals and Crumbles.
Candy Kush CBD crystal
Lemon Haze cbd crumble
Synergy Extracts® are proud to produce one of the tastiest and most effective legal, hemp derived, full spectrum CBD crumble’s on the market today. Our high potency CBD crumble contains a broad spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids, and is the first 100% legal winterised CBD crumble in the world to be infused with a variety of strain specific terpene profiles to take the flavour profile to another level. Terpene’s are a natural and legal way to enhance the therapeutic potential and overall health benefit’s of legal cannabinoid supplementation, through a well known mechanism called the “entourage” effect. The cannabinoid + terpenoid synergy.
The proprietary process used when manufacturing this CBD crumble leads to an extremely clean and super aromatic, terpene rich extract, which will melt and vaporise at temperatures of 190c and upwards. This extract, since it’s highly purified, will also blend extremely well into e-liquids, providing a far more flavourful and effective vape juice, than any 99% CBD isolate based liquid on the market today.
Our CBD crumble is totally legal and contains less than 0.1% THC which allows us to ship our products to many countries worldwide.
F.A.Q on our legal CBD concentrates
Q. How are your CBD crumbles best used?
A. Our CBD crumbles are used in the same manor as the crystalline CBD extracts. Best utilised in an inhalation device such as a concentrate vape pen or E-nail. These devices have a small heated chamber, where you can place the desired quantity of extract into, replace the mouthpiece, set your desired temperature, and inhale. They can also be added to e-liquids. Which is a very easy process. Simply add 200mg of CBD crumble to 5ml of propylene glycol (PG) until the extract dissolves (warming the mixture gently will speed up this process). Now you can add 5ml of vegetable glycerine(VG) and give the mixture a good shake. This will provide a reasonably potent and super hashy full spectrum CBD vape-juice.
Q. Why are CBD concentrates more expensive?
A. CBD crumbles and crystals have been put through complex,and somewhat expensive, extra refinement process to make them suitable for inhalation. This process is used to remove the polyunsaturated fatty acids/lipids, which are picked up during high pressure Co2 extraction. These lipids, although they are super healthy to eat are NOT suitable for inhalation, which means they can’t be added to e-liquids, or dabbed/vaped alone. The extracts found at Synergy of Nature have also been enriched with rare terpene profiles, which can cost up 4 times the price of CBD alone, although the difference in quality is felt immediately.
Q. Is inhalation of CBD more effective then oral ingestion?
A. We believe there is room for both oral and inhalable CBD products. Both are effective at supplementing the diet and delivering healthy doses of CBD to the bloodstream. The main reason we focus on inhalation products is our love for this method of ingestion far exceeds that of popping a CBD capsule. There is something extremely enjoyable and super effective about the whole process of vaporisation, especially with the addition of super tasty and natural terpenes. As soon as those vapours hit the lungs they are absorbed immediately. With oral ingestion you have issues with the liver metabolising/destroying and altering the CBD molecule. In many cases an inhaled dose, will need 1/5 of the dose required with oral. The difference usually balances out in cost, but there’s only 1 winner when it comes to the enjoyment factor
Q. Are terpenes legal?
A. Yes terpenes are legal, the terpenes we use in our products are found through nature in a multitude of different plant species. Terpenes are what give cannabis and hemp there unique flavour profile, but provide zero psychoactive effects. Terpenes are not unique to cannabis (unlike cannabinoids). When terpene’s are extracted from the hemp or cannabis plant, the resulting essential oil does NOT contain any cannabinoids whatsoever. The cannabinoids do not carry over into the steam and resulting essential oil extract. The distillation process used to extract the terpenes has been used for centuries in the manufacturing of aromatherapy essential oils ie oregano, red mandarin or frankincense. All of our terpene profiles have been extracted in countries where it is legal to do so. And we can ship worldwide due to the total lack of any controlled substances.
Q. Are there any difference in effects across your huge range of different flavours?
A. There are subtle differences in the effects terpenes provide. Limonene and Caryophyllene being particularly good for anxiety when combined with CBD. Myrcene and Linalool being well known for having super relaxing almost sleep inducing effects and the combination of alpha-pinene and limonene provides great focus, clear headed effects. Great for exercise and daytime activities.
Please visit our store to view our range of premium CBD concentrates. Including CBD Crumbles & CBD crystals with terpenes.
Why you should be vaping or dabbing winterised CBD extracts
With vaping or “dabbing” being of such great interest to so many across the world of legal cannabinoid supplementation, it’s important to note that most of the co2 hemp extracts available, have a far too low cannabinoid concentration to be suitable for this purpose.
During the process of super or subcritical co2 extraction, the hemp materials are subject to immense pressures and this forces a lot of naturally occurring polyunsaturated fatty acids into the resulting extract which, although are extremely nutritious for oral supplementation, shouldn’t be inhaled due to a risk of a condition called “Lipid Pneumonia”
What is lipid pneumonia?
Lipid pneumonia is the result of chronic (continuous over a period of time) inhalation of lipids (food oils, lipids and free fatty acids). The formation of pneumonia occurs once lipids reach the lung parenchyma (the portion of the lung involved in oxygen transfer) through inhalation. There it is either absorbed by the alveolar macrophages or remain free within the alveoli. Since the lungs cannot metabolize lipids they are absorbed into the alveoli leading to inflammation and damage and in severe cases formation of giant cells of fibrosis around the large oil masses. More specifically, it has been found that free fatty acids are responsible for causing the damage, destroying lung tissue, leading to lipid pneumonia. These can be introduced directly in the composition of the oil inhaled or through the hydrolysis of mono-, di-, and tri-glycerides by lung lipases.
How do free fatty acids and lipid pneumonia relate to co2 extracted CBD oils ?
Fatty acid rich oils should NEVER be inhaled as inhalation of oil can cause lipid pneumonia. Particles of oil easily reach the lower part of the lungs through vaping where they cause the most damage. More specifically, it is the free fatty acid components (including omega 3s and 6s) of an oil which are responsible for the damage leading to the illness. While essential fatty acids (omega 3s and 6s) are extremely healthy to ingest as a supplement, they should never be inhaled.
The co2 extracted CBD hemp products, used by nearly every company, are around 20-40% CBD on average. The rest of the extracts composition can consist of up to 60-80% fatty acids. Which have been picked up during the high pressures of co2 extraction. The fatty acids most prevalent in the hemp/cannabis plant are linoleic acid followed by oleic acid with a significant amount of stearic acid. These are the three fatty acids found to be directly linked to the causation of lipid pneumonia. While linoleic acid (essential fatty acids omega 3s and 6s) are super healthy to ingest they should never be inhaled. Lungs lack the enzymes to metabolize and cope with fatty acids so they end up remaining in the lungs causing damage. So if you are currently dabbing an extract under 70% purity(most are around 20-30% cbd) I would rethink doing so. Likewise If there are globs of what look like oil separating out in your e-liquid, then the CBD extracts used are rich in fatty acids and should be avoided. By the same reason that oil and water does not mix, hemp oil and vegetable glycerin/propylene glycol do not mix. Due to the immense difficulty of mixing hemp oils and vegetable glycerine(the e-liquid carrier) some manufacturers have used coconut oil to dilute there cbd hemp oil. These products should be avoided at all costs.
But i love to vape/dab what kind of extracts should I be looking out for?
If inhalation of legal cannabinoids is your favorite way to supplement your diet, you want to be looking out for either the molecularly distilled/isolated CBD crystalline which varies between 90%-99%+ CBD in concentration, or a winterised CBD extract.
What’s a “Winterised CBD extract”?
The winterisation of a co2 hemp extract is a unique process, utilising expensive lab equipment and freezing cold temperatures(where the term winterisation comes from) to totally remove the fatty acids picked up during co2 extraction, leaving behind a beautiful, golden, full spectrum extract, fit for use as an e-liquid additive, or dabbed alone in any vape pen capable of vaporising concentrates.
Winterised hemp extract
Orange crush CBD crystals UK
Orange crush CBD crystal
Here at Synergy Extracts® we are extremely proud to have pioneered the first range of terpene infused CBD crystals. Terpene infused CBD crystals are a very high quality, CBD concentrate enhanced and flavoured by fully cannabis terpene profiles. Terpene’s are the molecules that give all strains of cannabis, as well as fruits like Lemons, oranges and mangoes their amazing loud aroma and flavour. Beyond there extremely pleasant taste, terpenes are beginning to show they are quite effective medicinally alone, and that there has been too much attention placed on CBD and THC over the years. Most have been overlooking these little aromatic molecules. I mean who even knows what a “terpene” is ??? Not many actually, but…that’s starting to change.
When Cannabidiol (CBD) or Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is filtered/distilled and purified up to 99% pure, in this state, it is totally void of any terpenes. The average hemp enthusiast, upon seeing a cannabinoid extract of this potency is going to think WOW! , “PURE 99% CBD” that must be AMAZING !!! The reality once tested is quite different. Purified 99% CBD/THC is very boring. Tasteless! Odourless ! completely lacking the medicinal terpenes that are ever so important in the highly desired “entourage” effect we all seek when medicating with our favourite plant extracts. Some studies even suggest a 50% CBD extract with terpenes is more effective than 99% CBD alone.
CBD Crystals UK – F.A.Q
Q.What is the “Entourage” effect ?
A.The Entourage effect was a phrase first coined by the legendary cannabinoid researcher Raphael Mechoulam and his team of cannabis scientists. It was used to describe the synergistic relationship cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids had with one another. Terpenes have shown to block some cannabinoid receptor sites while promoting cannabinoid bonding to others. As a result terpenes are believed to directly affect how CBD is absorbed and utilised in our endocannabinoid systems CB1 and CB2 receptors, enhancing bioavailability and also the biological half-life. So it’s simple, CBD without terpenes is not so effective. This is when the idea for our CBD terp crystal was born.
Q. What exactly is in your Terpene infused CBD crystals?
A.Our Terpene infused CBD crystals are a premium blend of a high purity CBD concentrate and terpene profiles designed to mimic the effects and flavour of the strain they are based on. That is it. Cannabidiol (CBD) + terpenes, and the effects are quite amazing. These products also contain zero THC and are 100% non psychoactive.
Q. What effects will I feel from them?
A. The main effect’s you will feel during consumption of these terpene infused CBD crystals is an overall calm and serene feeling, which can help to alleviate anxiety and stress. You will feel grounded and relaxed but still fully capable of functioning and going about everyday tasks. These are totally non intoxicating so can be enjoyed during the day.
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CBD Hemp Oil
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) about CBD Hemp Oil, including what makes it legal and different to cannabis oil as well as extraction methods etc.
- What’s the difference between Hemp and Cannabis?
Scientifically and genetically, Hemp and cannabis can be the same plant, with a genus and species name of Cannabis Sativa L. Legal Hemp is a strain of Cannabis sativa bred for a different purpose and very low in the illegal phytocannabinoid THC, while illegal cannabis can be Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, or Cannabis ruderalis. The major difference is how hemp has been bred compared to the “drug type” form of Cannabis sativa. While a marijuana strain of Cannabis sativa will be smaller, bushier, and full of flowering buds high in THC. Drug type cannabis or “marijuana”, 99% of the time, has a high amount of THC and only a very low amount of non-psychoactive cannabinoids like CBD. Hemp, on the other hand, naturally has a very high amount of CBG, CBC, CBDV, CBD and zero THC. Our fields are regularely audited to check THC levels are below legal limits. Fortunately, the cannabinoid profile of hemp is ideal for people looking for some of the health benefits of cannabis without the ‘high” or “psychoactivity”
Hemp can be used for making medicinal remedies, food, fiber, rope, paper, bricks, oil, and natural plastic. Where as the much shorter, bushier and high THC cannabis is usually used recreationally, spiritually, and medicinally.
*Our hemp extracts are sometimes referred to by people as cannabis oil, as the term cannabis can technically describe hemp or marijuana, and in our case cannabis oil is obviously being used to describe our hemp oils but they are still 100% legal in the UK and Non Psychoactive.
- If a hemp extract is 40% cannabinoids, what’s the other 60%? What’s in your hemp extracts besides the naturally occurring cannabinoids?
Our hemp extracts contain a handful of phytocannabinoids (plant produced cannabinoids). In addition to the cannabinoids naturally present in our full spectrum hemp extracts, there are also many other types of natural molecules, phytochemicals and aromatic molecules called terpenes. But the bulk of the remain percentage in our co2 hemp extracts are healthy plant waxes and fatty acids that have hitched a ride during the solvent extraction. These plant waxes can be removed through a process called winterization if need be but they are super healthy additions to any hemp food supplement. Rich in vitamins, minerals and amino acids.
- How does hemp work?
hemp works by acting as a switch that turns on the regulatory system in our body called the endocannabinoid system. This important internal system regulates internal conditions such as immune function, leading to an increase in overall health and wellbeing. We encourage you to do some research on hemp and the health benefits associated with hemp supplementation. We can on make any medicinal claims. Be wary of any suppliers that do. Such claims require licensing from the UK’s MHRA(medicines and healthcare regulatory authority)
- What are phytocannabinoids?
Phytocannabinoids(plant produced cannabinoids) are a class of naturally occurring constituents of hemp and cannabis, commonly used to support health and wellbeing. Our Hemp extracts are also known as cannabis oil (with significant amount of naturally occurring cannabinoids), as Cannabis sativa is the term used that both legal hemp and illegal marijuana fall into. We sell legal hemp extracts, not high THC cannabis.
Because the CO2 extraction used to make our oils yields a full spectrum extract, our hemp extracts contain many different phytocannabinoids, At trace amounts CBC, CBG, CBG-A, CBC-A,CBDV and CBDV can be found in our hemp extracts. In addition to the cannabinoids naturally present in our legal hemp extracts, there are also many other types of natural molecules and phytochemical compounds such as amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins (including B1, B2, B6, D), fatty acids (including omega 3 & 6), trace minerals (including iron, zinc, calcium, magnesium, potassium), beta-carotene, chlorophyll, flavanoids, ketones, nitrogenous compounds, alkanes, glycosides, pigments, water, and terpenes. The most common terpenes in our hemp extracts are Myrcene, Beta-caryophyllene, Terpinolene, Linalool, alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, Nerolidol Phytol, trans-alpha-Bergamotene, Limonene, beta-Phellandrene (Co-elution), and alpha-Humulene.
- Are cannabinoids from Hemp as good as cannabinoids from cannabis?
The short answer is yes. Cannabinoids are cannabinoids, whether from cannabis or hemp. The main difference we have found is that hemp lacks most of the aromatic essential oil or “terpenes” content found in illegal high THC cannabis this is why we have added back terpene profiles from parts of nature and well as fractionally distilled cannabis terpenes.
- What’s the percentage of cannabinoids in your Hemp& Coconut oil product?
Our raw hemp extracts have varying percentages of cannabinoid content. The range is been 3-99% purity
Its important not to get to hung up on cannabinoid percentages and just concentrate on the MG of legal cannabinoids in the products. Our thorough research has found that a 3% cbd/coconut oil supplement with added terpenes is more effective at carrying the cannabinoids into the body, when compared to a 90% pure oil. The truth is high purity hemp extracts have relatively low bioavailability and when diluted into a carrier oil such as coconut MCT oil it enhances the aborption ten fold.
- What is the best method of ingestion?
All methods of hemp supplementation are beneficial. Whether it be oral, topical or vaporization. They each have their own benefits
- What’s the ideal serving size for me, and how often should I take it?
Our starting recommended serving size is 15-30 drops but we generally recommend experimenting to see what feels best to you. Some prefer 5 drops, some prefer over 50 drops per day.
- What is the safety of your hemp extracts? Are there negative side effects?
Hemp is considered by many to be generally safe. We’ve never seen or heard of any significant or negative side effects in our years in the industry. That said, we can’t rule them out. Please consult with your physician before using any dietary supplement including Hemp extract supplements.
THOSE WHO SUSPECT THEY MAY HAVE A DISEASE OR ARE SEEKING HELP FOR A DISEASE SHOULD CONSULT A QUALIFIED MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL.
- Why are CO2 Hemp extract oils so expensive?
A subcritical CO2 oil extraction is performed on the flowers of mature industrial hemp plants, and the resulting hemp oil is analyzed in a laboratory through an HPLC test. Then the raw CO2 extracted hemp oil is shipped to the U.K and is further refined at our facility. The purified hemp oil is then again analyzed for its potency and purity. And then turning this naturally high-cannabinoid hemp extract into our final blends is another additional process that takes time and resources. And then a final testing is performed on the finished products at a few third party laboratories – including fundacion canna in spain. These necessary steps to ensure ultimate potency and purity throughout each stage of the process, and the facilities that are required to perform all the steps, all add up to CO2 hemp extract products being very costly to manufacture.
We hope to see the cultivation of hemp become more common in the united kingdom. There are small steps being taken in this direction. With the UK’s home office granting licenses for hemp farms this year and we are hopeful that process will continue favorably. This would lead to a dramatic decrease in cost for both the manufacturers and consumers of Hemp products, including CO2 Hemp Extracts naturally high in cannabinoids and terpenes.
- Why do people use Hemp Extracts? Cannabinoid/Terpene benefits and uses?
In accordance with UK regulations we cannot make health claims regarding our food supplement products. We can only recommend our products for general wellness.
- Is a standard hemp seed oil the same as a CO2 hemp extract?
Absolutely not. Standard hemp “seed” oil, which can be found very cheaply at a grocery store, is a much different product than our CO2 hemp extracts (not from seed). Standard hemp oil is produced by cold pressing the seeds, whereas our hemp extract is a subcritical CO2 extraction of the hemp plant itself, not the seeds. Regular hemp oil is considered to be a great nutritive food, but it doesn’t have the naturally occurring terpenes, cannabinoids and other components that our extracts do have.
- Will I get ‘high’?
No. Our Hemp products are all made from low THC hemp, which only has trace amounts of THC if any at all. So there is no psychoactive effect from taking our products and they cant be used recreationally.
- Where do you source your hemp from?
We source our hemp from locally operated organic hemp farms in Germany and Switzerland. And we are in talks with a Spanish farm producing more stable higher CBD strains of hemp at present
- What kind of testing/analysis is performed on your products?
We have a very strict internal quality assurance system, and we have third party laboratories analyze all of our full spectrum extracts and our final products for cannabinoid potency, heavy metals, bacterial and microbial life, mycotoxins (fungus), and pesticides.
- What is CO2 extraction? What’s the difference between subcritical and supercritical CO2 extractions?
CO2 extraction is an extraction process that uses pressurized carbon dioxide to extract precious components from a plant. CO2 at certain temperatures and pressures acts like a solvent, without the dangers of actually being one. It is the most expensive botanical extraction method available and is widely considered the most effective and safest plant extraction method in the world.
Many CBD hemp oil companies boast about their supercritical CO2 extractions, but that’s actually only one (and perhaps an inferior) method of using a CO2 extraction machine. There are also subcritical CO2 extractions, and ‘mid-critical’, a general range between subcritical and supercritical. Subcritical (low temp, low pressure) CO2 extractions take more time and produce smaller yields than super-critical, but they retain the essential oils, terpenes, and other sensitive chemicals within the plant. Supercritical, on the other hand, is a high pressure and high temperature process that damages most terpenes and heat sensitive chemicals, but can extract much larger molecules such as lipids (omega 3 and 6), chlorophyll, and waxes. A truly full-spectrum CO2 extract includes first performing a subcritical extraction, separating the extracted oil, and then extracting the same plant material using supercritical pressure, and then homogenizing both oil extracts into one. In the essential oil industry, an extract made using this specific process is referred to as a CO2 Total.
learn about co2 extraction https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supercritical_carbon_dioxide
Learn about Hemp https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp
What are Terpenes?
As you may already know terpenes are aromatic molecules which are largely responsible for the smell and taste of hemp and cannabis. They also interact synergistically with cannabinoids such as CBD to enhance the health benefits. Terpenes are produced by virtually every member of the plant kingdom, and are the primary constituents and active compounds of the medicinal resins of frankincense and myrrh as well as all other plant essential oils. They are responsible for the familiar mood elevating piney aroma we love while out walking or cycling in the woods on a hot summers day (This is actually the terpenes alpha and beta-pinene evaporating from the pine resin)
Terpenes are the aroma and flavour of most of the herbs and spices we enhance our food with on a daily basis and we are now finding out that there is more to them than the lovely fragrance and flavour. Here at Synergy Extracts® we are using modern day technology such as high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) to analyse ancient resins and essential oils and we are finding out that the same compounds keep popping up. Monoterpenes, triterpenes and sesquiterpenes.
The terpene ‘linalool’ for example, is the primary constituent of lavender essential oil, imparting much of its scent and therapeutic properties.
Our hemp extracts are rich in many different terpenes. Most prominently myrcene, ß-caryophyllene, linalool, humulene and alpha-pinene (along with many others) which, like CBD itself, have a wealth of scientific research supporting their potential health benefits. Here at Synergy of Nature we will also be adding back some of the terpenes that are not so common in our hemp strains i.e. limonene (a citrus terpene with calming and mood lifting properties) through additions of other 100% natural and organic food grade plant terpenes.
The Cannabinoid + Terpene Connection. Interestingly both terpenes and phyto-cannabinoids (cannabinoids made by plants, as opposed to those made within our own bodies) share a molecular precursor. They are biochemically produced from the same molecule (geranyl pyrophosphate) in the hemp plant…and modern day research is showing terpenes and cannabinoids have synergistic health benefits when used together.
Myrcene, a monoterpene also found in mangoes, oranges, hops, ylang ylang, wild thyme, parsley and lemon grass to name a few has an analgesic effect and is likely to be responsible for the medicinal properties of ylang ylang essential oil and lemon grass tea. Myrcene also helps promote a restful night’s sleep due to its calming and relaxing therapeutic properties.
ß-caryophyllene, a sesquiterpene also found in abundance in black pepper, hops, coriander seed and basil essential oils as well as many other plants throughout nature, has shown to be a selective agonist of cannabinoid receptor type-2 (CB2) and to exert significant cannabimimetic anti-inflammatory effects in mice. Because the widespread natural plant product beta-caryophyllene is an FDA approved food additive and is ingested daily with food it is said to be the first dietary cannabinoid. It is still being studied whether this compound alone is able to modulate inflammatory processes in humans via the endocannabinoid system. ß-caryophyllene does not bind to the centrally expressed cannabinoid receptor type-1 (CB1) and therefore does not exert psychoactive effects.
ß-caryophyllene and CBD when combined have both shown to be anxiolytic (anxiety-relieving) effects. Curiously, CBD is known to interact indirectly with the CB1 and CB2 receptors and caryophyllene with the CB2 receptor – these are the two receptors found in our own endogenous cannabinoid system.
That being said it’s clear that cannabinoids and terpenes help to modulate and enhance each other’s effects so we will be utilizing this throughout our range of products.
It’s another truly wonderful Synergy of Nature that is too good to be missed.
Hemp extracts come in many different types. Their quality is based on colour, purity, aroma and age. The more translucent amber an extract is the better. A dark black colour usually comes from chlorophyll and excessive plant lipids and indicates that it has gone through grinding, excessive heating and a long soak in solvents. Even though these products are still good we will only be using the highest grade of extracts there are available in our products to ensure the highest quality.
The quality of our organic flavouring oils and also our organic coconut MCT oil are of the highest grade possible. As plants and trees they are free from pesticides, herbicides, growth hormones and chemical fertilisers. Processing is chemical free and low temperature. Containers are sterile and food grade. It has been a time consuming process to source each and every component of our supplement but the results speak for themselves.
All of the products here at Synergy of Nature go through vigorous laboratory testing to guarantee quality and safety. The extracts are screened straight after the initial subcritical (cold) CO₂ extraction for cannabinoid content, microbiological activity, pesticides, heavy metals and residual solvents.
They are then formulated inside our sterile clean room environment and every batch is then screened by 3rd party laboratories using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) which gives an extremely precise breakdown of the product, verifying cannabinoid and terpene content.
You can be sure that every product we supply is of unparalleled cleanliness and purity, rich in cannabidiol and all the other naturally occurring and extremely beneficial hemp constituents.
It is of utmost importance to us that our customers get exactly what they pay for and that our supplements are extremely clean and effective. We will never compromise on the safety and quality of our 100% natural and organic products.
All of the laboratory reports are available on request.
How we make our CBD and terpene rich golden hemp extracts
Our starting material is dried slowly using a proprietary low temp decarboxylation (convert from CBDA to CBD) process instead of using high temperatures to speed up the process, this method preserves the maximum amount of terpenes possible contained inside the material. Terpenes are extremely volatile molecules constantly evaporating (this is why we can smell an open bottle of essential oil in a room) and, when other (hot) methods of decarboxylating are used, the terpenes will all be long gone way before the decarb has finished.
The second part of the process is to run the now aged CBD and terpene rich hemp material through a process of sub critical (cold) CO2 extraction, (not to be confused with super critical (hot) CO₂ extraction). This method utilizes the correct combinations of temperature and pressure in order to preserve as many of the active terpenes as possible as well as minimizing chlorophyll pick up. The end result is a beautiful golden CBD and terpene rich hemp honey oil which is just exquisite.
Both sub and super critical CO₂ extractions are two of the cleanest forms of botanical extraction there are, CO₂ is non-toxic and generally recognised as safe (GRAS) by the FDA. Our bodies produce CO₂ when we breathe and it is commonly used in carbonated beverages. With CO₂ as a solvent for oil extraction, no toxins, heavy metals or hydrocarbon materials come in contact with the extracted oils. CO₂ naturally wants to be a gas, only becoming a liquid when under immense pressure, so when pressure is released after the extraction, it evaporates completely leaving behind an unrivalled level of cleanliness and purity. Just the way nature intended!
The benefits of CO2 extraction are:
- It’s non-toxic
- Has GRAS status
- Used in food products without any restrictions
- Leaves no dangerous residues
- Free of impurities
- It’s inert
- It’s antibacterial
- Available in large quantities
Sub critical CO₂ extraction allows us to:
- Re-use and recover CO₂
- Extract substances in their natural form
- Use lower temperatures to extract sensitive compounds
- higher quality extracts